The temples near BOROBUDUR

Kuning or Sengi, Canggal or Gunung Wukir, Gunung Sari, Ngawen, Retno, Umbul or Roto.


Candi Asu :

Candi Asu is one of three temples with Candi Pendem and Lumbung generally called Candi Kuning and locally Candi Sengi. These three temples are a few hundred meters to each other, in the Candi Pos hamlet, Sengi village, Dusun district, at 5 km in the northeast of Muntilan.

C. Asu


Candi Asu is a well restored small hindouist temple, but of which it misses the higher part. This temple is 100 m on the left road, at the edge of a path, opposite a school. Besides some panels
decorated with abstracted signs, there are no sculptures. The three usual statues, which had been added after the construction of the building (according to J. Dumarçay) disappeared.


C. Asu




A staircase makes it possible to reach the higher platform where one can see the well of deposit of foundation, in the center of the structure.


 Candi Pendem :

This temple is lost in the rice plantations, to a few hundred meters of Candi Asu, by prolonging the path which passes in front of the school until the end, then on the right. It is invisible from the path because it is posed to approximately 2 m under the level of the surrounding ground, and all the higher part misses.

C. Pendem


Larger than the previous one , its platform is also bored in its center with a square hole of approximately 1 m wide. One sees some drafts of sculptures there - in particular a small Gana - but it is clear that the decoration of these temples was never completed nor,
perhaps, the monuments themselves.


 Candi Lumbung :

c. Lumbung


The access to this third temple is not simple, because to reach it since the preceding temple, it is necessary to cross a stony river, with 60 cm of water and a fort running, in dry season, for at the rain season, it is impossible.


C. Lumbung


The effort nevertheless is rewarded because, of the three temples forming Candi Kuning, it is the most whole, and especially the most decorated with design of offering pots and birds.




Candi Canggal or Candi Gunung Wukir :

This site is on Gunung Wukir's hill - 10 mn of walking on foot from the hamlet of Canggal- situated at the south of the road axis Yogya Muntilan, opposite Semen, km 21.

C. Canggal



The site, now clear, presents the bases of a ruined main sanctuary, surrounded with three small temples, following a plan identical to that of Candi Sambisari to Prambanan.



C. Canggal


These small buildings consisted of a base surmonted by a balustrade.
In the center of the base a statue trônait on a pedestal. The character sivaic of the temple is mentioned by the yoni. A stele was discovered in the temple and an inscription gone back to 732 was found in the mountain. It commemorates the erection of a lingam in this place by king Sanjaya.



Candi Gunung Sari:

This site very little known, is located on a hill in the village of Ngasem at the west of Gulon - where one turns left - city located a little before Muntilan. In the village of Ngasem, a panel indicates the way which carries out, to foot, until Candi Gunung Sari.

 Candi Gunung Sari


There does not remain large any more thing of the temple if not of the groupings of stones surrounding the base of the principal sanctuary which measures 10 m X 10 m. In the center of the base is a foundation well of 1,50 m in diameter. In front of the principal building was three small sanctuaries in a configuration identical to that of Candi Gunung Wukir, which is not far from there on another hill. We are again in the presence of a sanctuary dedicated to Shiva. One found on the site a yoni as well as a statue of Durga. Many decorations, stringcourses and edgings in particular, are still visible.

Candi Ngawen :

The site is with three kilometers in the west of Muntilan on the axis Yogyakarta Magelang. It is necessary to turn left after a traffic light. There is no direction sign. Then, you must go always straight. The enclosure of the site skirts the left side of the road.

C. Ngawen

Built to the 9th and 10th century. It is a whole of five sanctuaries divided into two categories. Temples 1, 3, 5 are of square plans, aligned on the same platform. They are similar to those of group III of Gedong Songo, dedicated to hindu Trimurti. Between these three temples, two cruciform temples dedicated to the worship of the five Jina of Buddhism. There is thus here the perfect example of the fight of influence between the two religions through the two reigning dynasties, Sailendra and Sanjaya, and who will succeed, later, under Mojopahit with the syncretism hindo-buddhistic. Some think that the five structures could have contained images of the five Jina.


C. Ngawen



At present, the majority of the temples are limited to their base; only one, number 2, is almost whole. It was entirely restored except for the roof in 1927. The base of the sanctuary measures 12 m X 12 m and its height was to be practically idendentic. The entry consists of a hall decorated with two niches on both sides of the door of entry.



 Candi Ngawen.  Ratnasambhava.




At the interior of the two buddhistic sanctuaries are still the statues of two Dhyani Buddha Amitabha and Ratnasambhava.


Candi Ngawen, although ruined, profited from an exceptional decoration which makes all the interest of its visit.

 C Ngawen





The corners of the base of the temples are marked superb lions drawn up on their back legs - single case in Java - and which is not without recalling the ornamentations of the Pallawa temples of Kanchipuram in the south of Madras in India, and which dates from the same time.


 Candi Ngawen



The tops of the doors consist of splendid heads of Kala.

Innumerable small Gana with raised arms form an edging under the roof of the temples giving the impression thus to support the superstructures.


Candi Ngawen




Very many floral low-reliefs or with representations of animals, but also some scenes with characters, always decorate the remainders of the monuments. One can also see a great quantity of them in the stone field facing the temples.



Candi Retno:

This monument, him also far from known, is in more difficult to find. It is necessary, in the north of Magelan, to follow on approximately 10 km the road, on the right, which leads to Grabag, then to fork in direction of the village of Retno.

 Candi Retno



One is still in presence here of a shivaïc sanctuary , proven by the beautiful yoni which is in a corner. Although ruined, its form is easily recognizable according to its base, quite well preserved. Of size similar to Candi Gunung Sari, it presents, on the other hand, no trace of decorations.



Candi Umbul or Candi Roto:

 Candi Umbul


Candi Umbul (source) or differently called Candi Roto (flat) is in fact a large basin of approximately 10 m X 20 m (to which was juxtaposed another smaller basin), which would have built at the same time as Borobudur, located at 60 km from there. This basin belongs to a great complex of one hectare including other spring water basins, heats and cold, with curative values. The site is in the north of Magelang, 7 km after Secang, on the road of Semarang. A panel indicates the access, to 500 m on the right, of Candi Umbul, located downwards in the valley, close to a river.



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